Causes of Back Pain

Problems with the spine such as osteoporosis can lead to back pain. The human back is composed of a complex structure of muscles, ligaments, tendons, disks, and bones, which work together to support the body and enable us to move around. The segments of the spine are cushioned with cartilage-like pads called disks. Problems with any of these components can lead to back pain. In some cases of back pain, its cause remains unclear. Damage can result from strain, medical conditions, and poor posture, among others.

            Back pain commonly stems from strain, tension, or injury. Frequent causes of back pain are include: strained muscles or ligaments, a muscle spasm, muscle tension, damaged disks, injuries, fractures, or falls. Some activities that can lead to strains or spasms include: lifting something improperly, lifting something that is too heavy, and making an abrupt and awkward movement.

            Back pain can also come from structural problems or due to poor posture and certain movements. Some examples of structural problems are ruptured disks, bulging disks, sciatica, arthritis, abnormal curve of the spine, osteoporosis, and kidney problems such as kidney stones or infections. There are many other risk factors and causes as well, so be sure to do some further research or ask your doctor on how to help prevent back pain.